DISEASES CAUSED BY PETS
LARVA MIGRANS (ROUNDWORM)--Caused by a child eating soil contaminated with feces from puppies or kittens. Treated with medication taken orally.
TOXOPLASMOSIS -- Caused by a parasite transmitted when a child cleans a kitten's litter box or otherwise handles cat feces. Symptoms include muscle pain, swollen lymph glands, and skin rash. Toxoplasmosis in a more severe form can be transmitted by an infected mother passing on the disease in her bloodstream to the unborn child, through the placenta. Antibiotics can prevent on-going infection in the mother but will not prevent damage to the unborn child.
PASTEURELLA -- Caused by bacteria entering the child's body through cat or dog bites. Usually treated with antibiotics.
SALMONELLOSIS -- Caused by bacteria often carried by pet turtles and other pets. Symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Treatment includes antibiotics for children under 1 year. In older children the disease is usually self-limited and requires no antibiotics.
PSITTACOSIS -- Caused by a germ carried in the droppings of infected birds, usually tropical birds such as parrots, macaws, or parakeets. Treated with antibiotics.
LEPTOSPIROSIS -- Caused by a germ in urine of infected dogs. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, nausea and vomiting, cramps, chills, and red eyes. Treatment requires antibiotics.
ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER