DESCRIPTIONOvarian cancer is a malignant growth in the ovary that is likely to spread to other body parts and threaten life. One or both ovaries are involved. It may spread to the lungs and bone. Ovarian cancer can affect females of all ages but is more common in adults than in children.
Appropriate health care includes:
Physician's monitoring of general condition and medications.
Surgery to remove the cancerous ovary and other affected areas, including the Fallopian tubes, the uterus, and the other ovary (sometimes).
Psychotherapy or counseling to learn to accept and cope with cancer.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMSVague discomfort in the lower abdomen.
Irregular menstrual periods.
Excessive hair growth.
Unexplained weight loss.
An enlarged, hard, and sometimes tender mass in the lower abdomen.
Pain with intercourse.
Frequently no symptoms occur until the tumor becomes large. The earliest symptoms include:
PREVENTING COMPLICATIONS OR RECURRENCEYour daughter should have yearly pelvic examinations, which offer the best chance of early detection and cure, starting in her late teens or when she become sexually active.
Your own observation of symptoms.
Medical history and physical exam by a doctor.
Laboratory blood studies.
Sonogram (See Glossary) of the abdomen.
X-rays of the abdomen.
Surgical diagnostic procedures, such as culdoscopy and laparoscopy (See Glossary).
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONSDeath from spread of cancer to other body parts.
25% to 50% of women with ovarian cancer survive at least 5 years after treatment.
HOME CAREFollow your surgeon's instructions for home care following surgery.
Female hormones until menopause.
See Medications section for information regarding medicines your doctor may prescribe.
Your doctor may prescribe:
No restrictions after recovery from surgery.
DIET & FLUIDS
Your daughter should eat a normal, well-balanced diet that is high in protein to promote repair of body tissues.
OK TO GO TO SCHOOL?When appetite has returned and alertness, strength, and feeling of well-being will allow.
CALL YOUR DOCTOR IF
Your daughter has symptoms of an ovarian tumor.
The following occurs after surgery:
-- Increased pain, swelling, redness, or drainage from the surgical wound.
-- Pain or swelling in the leg.
-- Signs of infection, such as fever, chills, headache, or muscle aches.