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Brand & Generic Names

Depakote Epival

Basic Information

  • Habit forming? No
  • Prescription needed? Yes
  • Available as generic? No
  • Drug class: Anticonvulsant


    Controls petit mal (absence) seizures in treatment of epilepsy.

Dosage & Usage Information

How to take:
Tablet--Swallow with liquid or food to lessen stomach irritation.

When to take:
Once a day.

If you forget a dose:
Take as soon as you remember. Don't ever double dose.

What drug does:
Increases concentration of gamma aminobutyric acid, which inhibits nerve transmission in parts of brain.

Time lapse before drug works:
1 to 4 hours.

Don't take with:
Any other medicine without consulting your doctor or pharmacist.




  • Dial 911 (emergency) or O (operator) for an ambulance or medical help. Then give first aid immediately.
  • If patient is unconscious and not breathing, give mouth-to- mouth breathing. If there is no heartbeat, use cardiac massage and mouth-to-mouth breathing (CPR). Don't try to make patient vomit. If you can't get help quickly, take patient to nearest emergency facility.
  • See EMERGENCY Information.

Possible Adverse Reactions or Side Effects


    In case of overdose, see Overdose section.


    Menstrual irregularities, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, tremor, weight gain.


  • Rash, bloody spots under skin, hair loss, bleeding, easy bruising.
  • Drowsiness, weakness, easily upset emotionally, depression, psychic changes, headache, incoordination, appetite change, constipation.


  • Double vision, unusual movements of eyes (nystagmus), jaundice, increased bleeding tendency, edema (swelling of feet and legs).
  • Anemia (paleness, fatigue).

Warnings & Precautions

Don't take if:
You are allergic to divalproex.

Before you start, consult your doctor:

  • If you have blood, kidney or liver disease.
  • If you will have surgery within 2 months, including dental surgery, requiring general or spinal anesthesia.

Over age 60:
Adverse reactions and side effects may be more frequent and severe than in younger persons.

Risk to unborn child outweighs drug benefits. Don't use.

Unknown effect. Consult doctor.

Infants & children:
Use under close medical supervision only.

Prolonged use:
Request periodic blood tests, liver and kidney function tests.

Skin & sunlight:
No problems expected.

Driving, piloting or hazardous work:
Don't drive or pilot aircraft until you learn how medicine affects you. Don't work around dangerous machinery. Don't climb ladders or work in high places. Danger increases if you drink alcohol or take medicine affecting alertness and reflexes, such as antihistamines, tranquilizers, sedatives, pain medicine, narcotics and mind-altering drugs.

Don't discontinue without consulting doctor. Dose may require gradual reduction if you have taken drug for a long time. Doses of other drugs may also require adjustment.

No problems expected.

Possible Interaction with Other Drugs

------------------------ -----------------------
Anticoagulants* Increases chance of bleeding.
Aspirin Increases chance of bleeding.
Central nervous Increases sedative effect.
Clonazepam May prolong seizure.
Dipyridamole Increases chance of bleeding.
MAO inhibitors* Increases sedative effect.
Nabilone Greater depression of central
nervous system.
Phenobarbital Increases chance of toxicity.
Phenytoin Unpredictable. May require
increased or decreased dosage.
Primidone Increases chance of toxicity.
Sertraline Increased depressive effect of
both drugs.
Sulfinpyrazone Increases chance of bleeding.

Possible Interaction with Other Substances

--------------- ---------------
Alcohol: Deep sedation. Avoid.
Beverages: No problems expected.
Cocaine: Increased brain sensitivity. Avoid.
Foods: No problems expected.
Marijuana: Increased brain sensitivity. Avoid.
Tobacco: Increased brain sensitivity. Avoid.

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