DEFINITION--Inflammation or infection of the urinary bladder.
BODY PARTS INVOLVED--Bladder; urethra.
SEX OR AGE MOST AFFECTED--All ages and both sexes, more common in females.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
- Burning and stinging on urination.
- Frequent urination, especially at night, although the urine amount may be small.
- Increased urge to urinate.
- Pain in the pubic area.
- Penile discharge.
- Low back pain.
- Blood in the urine, bad-smelling urine.
- Low fever.
- Painful sexual intercourse.
- Lack of urinary control (sometimes).
- Bed-wetting in a child.
- Irritability in an infant.
- Bacteria that reach the bladder from another part of the body through the bloodstream.
- Bacteria that enter the urinary tract from skin around the genitals and anal area.
- Injury to the urethra.
- Use of a urinary catheter to empty the bladder, such as following childbirth or surgery.
- Structural defect in the urinary tract.
> Obstruction of urine in the urinary tract in men--
> Women should not douche and should clean the anal area thoroughly after bowel
movements. Wipe from the front to the rear--
What To Expect
- Your own observation of symptoms.
- Medical history and physical exam by a doctor.
- Urinalysis, careful urine collection for bacterial culture, cystoscopy (See Glossary) and ultrasound.
APPROPRIATE HEALTH CARE--Doctor's treatment with medication.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS--Inadequate treatment can cause chronic urinary-tract
infections, leading to kidney failure.
PROBABLE OUTCOME--Curable in 2 weeks with prompt medical treatment. Recurrence
How To Treat
- Warm baths help relieve discomfort.
- Women may pour a cup of warm water over genital area while urinating. It will help to
relieve burning and stinging.
MEDICATION--Your doctor may prescribe:
- Antibiotics to fight infection.
- Antispasmodics to relieve pain.
- Urinary analgesics for pain (occasionally).
ACTIVITY--Avoid sexual intercourse until you have been free of symptoms for 2
weeks to allow inflammation to subside.
DIET--Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water daily. Avoid caffeine and alcohol during
treatment. Drink cranberry juice to acidify urine.
Call Your Doctor If
- You have symptoms of cystitis.
- You have fever.
- Blood appears in the urine.
- Discomfort and other symptoms don't improve in 1 week.